25 years ago (1989)
After the storm -- what to do?
If a tornado should hit, remain calm -- panic never helps.
Most tornadoes are short-lived, lasting only four or five minutes and traveling on the ground for two miles on the average, according to the Wisconsin Division of Emergency Government.
Closely inspect your property, including automobiles, for damage. Check immediately for electrical problems and gas leaks and report to utilities or the fire department if danger is imminent.
If you have extensive damage, contact your insurance company immediately. In the meantime, secure your property from further damage or theft. Heavy rains often follow a tornado.
Take an inventory of the damage to speed you insurance settlement. Your policy may provide coverage for additional living expenses should you not be able to stay in your home. There is also a policy provision for paying the expenses of debris removal.
If you have not suffered damage, be a good neighbor and help those who need it. But do not call directly into or visit a disaster area. Reports will be broadcast, so let the rescue work proceed unhampered by spectators and curiosity seekers.
Do not enter a building damaged by a tornado until you are sure it is safe and will not collapse.
Use only approved or chlorinated supplies of drinking water.
Check food supplies. Food may contain particles of glass or slivers of the debris. Discard canned goods with broken seams.
Get food, clothing, medical care or shelter at Red Cross Stations or from local communities if necessary.
Notify your relatives of your safety. Local authorities waste time trying to locate you if you don’t send word. Do not tie up phone lines if they are needed for emergency calls.
Cooperate in the general clean-up of debris. You are responsible for cleaning debris from your own property.
During repairs and clean-up, wear shoes and gloves. Glass, including fiberglass insulation, can injure unprotected hands and feet.
If you are a victim, do your best to protect yourself, your family and your neighbors from further damage.
Make sure authorities are notified that you are a tornado victim.
Cooperate with trained and authorized officers and volunteers who will arrive to give you aid.
Do not sign contracts for repair work, removal of rubble, or new insurance contracts without consulting authorities.
By thinking clearly and calmly and helping one another, the injury and destruction tornadoes cause can be limited.
No lakes exempted from 15-inch walleye size limit
Madison Department of Natural Resources (DNR) officials have had a change of heart since a 15-inch minimum walleye size limit was proposed last year; no lake will escape the list.
When the idea appeared on the Conservation Congress advisory question list last year, DNR fish managers said the size limit, as proposed then, would apply only to lakes where the limit would benefit the walleye fishery.
They explained that a size limit can be detrimental on some lakes where slow growth rates would create an over abundance of small walleyes under the limit.
Last year’s proposal would’ve also allowed DNR district managers to remove the size limit if a lake’s walleye fishery didn’t respond to the protection as intended.
Things have changed since then.
DNR officials are now calling for a blanket 15-inch limit that will apply to all walleye waters except for pool three on the Mississippi River and the Lake Winnebago system. Also, a series of public hearings will be required before a size limit can be relaxed, said Doug Morrisette, DNR Bureau of Fisheries director.
“Our legal department has advised us that we wouldn’t be able to implement the rule allowing district directors to relax a size limit,” Morrisette said.
Since the idea was first proposed, Morrisette said the legal department also created a list of criteria that must be met before a lake can be requested for exemption. The criteria includes data indicating slow growth and mercury or PCB contamination high enough to make large walleyes unfit to eat.
In the Lakeland area, fish managers suspect several lakes have slow growth based on old studies and physical characteristics similar to lakes known for slow growth, but, because of the number of lakes in this area and amount of effort going into treaty fishery work, age and growth studies on those lakes haven’t been completed.
Local fish managers said they’d like to exempt those lakes from the size limit, but Morrisette said that can’t happen unless fresh data is available.
“Surely we can’t categorize every walleye water for specific regulations -- the 15-inch size limit is the best recommended regulation for statewide use,” he said.
The walleye size limit question is listed as a rule change for the April 24 county Conservation Congress hearings.
Wisconsin, Minnesota agree on river rule
Anglers fishing Wisconsin and Minnesota boundary waters will now be doing so under uniform regulations.
The governors of the two states have signed a reciprocal agreement to make fishing regulations more constant and easier for fishermen to follow on the states’ boundary waters. The new rules mainly affect the Mississippi River, St. Croix River and St. Louis River.
Law enforcement problems arose in the past through incompatible regulations, said Al Phelan, a Department of Natural Resources (DNR) para-legal administrative assistant.
“Wisconsin and Minnesota are working together to update old reciprocal agreements to unify regulations on the rivers,” he said.
“And it’s about time. There have been conflicts. Minnesota requires canoes to be registered and Wisconsin doesn’t. Wisconsin canners were being cited by Minnesota wardens.”
Phelan said Governor Tommy Thompson is encouraging the DNR to work with Minnesota toward co-management of the Mississippi River and other boundary waters.
“Cooperation will improve river management and user satisfaction. This (reciprocity agreement) is an on-going process.
“We’re a lot closer to co-management now than we were a few years ago.”
Phelan said the recent agreement signed by Thompson and Minnesota Governor Rudy Perpich includes license reciprocity, a bag and possession limit agreement and an agreement that allows wardens from either state to arrest violators.
Listed below are several agreed upon rules:
• Ice fishing shelters: While Minnesota requires ice fishing shelters to be licensed, Wisconsin requires only that state residents must have their name and address in minimum one inch letters on any shelter.
Only Wisconsin residents with their name and address on the shelter are exempt from fish house license requirements when on boundary waters.
• Fishing license reciprocity: For either a Wisconsin or Minnesota resident to fish boundary waters, each must possess a valid resident license from their home state or be exempt from licensing.
“A Wisconsin resident can’t buy a non-resident Minnesota license and use that license on the boundary waters,” Phelan said.
In the past, fishermen with their licenses revoked in the home state may not purchase a non-resident license from neighboring state.
• Transportation of fish: Fish legally takes from boundary waters may be transported on the water or ice from an access point in the neighboring state directly back to the state where they’re licensed. Under this rule, an angler can launch a boat from either shore, fish the river, then take a day’s catch directly to the home state.
• Bag and possession limits: Minnesota’s possession limits equals the daily bag limit. While on the water in Wisconsin, the possession limit is the same as the daily limit. The maximum number of fish a Wisconsin resident can bring back from Minnesota is one day’s limit.
• Boat registration: Each state has agreed to honor boat registration by the other state.
• Law Enforcement: Wardens will have credentials in both states, Phelan said. Wardens from both states are responsible for law enforcement on boundary waters.
Wardens from either state have the authority to enforce the laws of either state when the laws are identical. Phelan said most of the laws for states are identical, therefore an angler fishing boundary waters is subject to enforcement action by wardens from either state.
Phelan said he expects similar agreements soon concerning Wisconsin-Michigan boundary waters.
50 years ago (1964)
Merchants Ball at Cove Saturday; Funds Help Promote Island City
and beef smorgasbord
is the latest word!
and other surprises
And don’t forget
those dandy door prizes
This and more is in store for those planning to attend the Minocqua Merchant’s Ball Saturday evening at Dale’s Cove supper club. The Minocqua Merchant’s association is sponsoring the event to raise money to be used to further promote Minocqua. All proceeds above expenses will go into the club’s treasury to be used accordingly.
Two tickets to the Green Bay Packer-New York Giant football game at Green Bay on Labor Day will be awarded as the grand door prize. The tickets will be located on the 50-yard line. Several other door prizes will also be awarded.
Three autographed footballs, one by the Packers, one by the Chicago Bears and one by Lakeland’s 1963 Lumberjack conference champions will also be awarded during the evening.
A ham and beef smorgasbord with all the trimmings will be served from 6 to 10 pm.
Dancing will follow with music provided by the Joan Christianson polka band from Park Falls. Although the name of the band might imply “polkas” only, this is not the case. They will play a mixture of numbers guaranteed to please everyone.
Tickets are on sale by all Minocqua Merchant association members at $2.50 per person. Tickets will also be available at the door. However, it is asked that if you are planning on attending, but were not contacted for tickets, that you could let one of the merchants know so that an estimate on attendance can be made.
Some merchants, not members of the association, expressed a feeling that they should not attend because they weren’t members. This is not the case. Everyone is invited - businessmen, residents, friends, guests, as well as Lakeland area residents. Here’s a chance to do your part and have a great time doing it. All proceeds above expenses will go into the association treasury for the betterment of Minocqua.
Come one - come all
Minocqua Merchant’s Ball!
Cold Spring Delays Wisconsin River’s Rise
The flow of the Wisconsin river started to respond to the warmer weather and rainfall of this past weekend, it was reported by the Wisconsin Valley Improvement company. Although precipitation during the past week was only a trace, the amount which fell on Sunday, April 5, averaged 0.33 inch of water and most of it was rain. This amount is 0.19 inch below normal for a week in April.
Significant, though small, increases in river flow were apparent Monday morning throughout the valley except in the area north of Rhinelander. Colder temperatures in the north delayed the occurrence of runoff.
The average flow at Merrill this past week was 1089 cubic feet per second which is only 28 per cent of the normal April flow. The coming of spring has been slow and tedious this year. Usually by this time rivers and streams are flowing well above winter-time levels. Two other years experienced the same style of slow spring warming. They were 1947 and 1956. Due to previous lack of precipitation and the continued freezing weather this year, low water conditions have been obvious to everyone.
Temperatures this past week averaged below normal for the third consecutive week. In this case, the means were below freezing in addition to being 13 to 15 degrees below the April normal. At Rainbow reservoir the average was 26.0 degrees as compared to an April normal of 39.1 degrees. Wausau had an average of 29.3 and the April normal is 44.5 degrees.
The groundwater table is changing very little during this transition period from winter to spring. However, the persistence of cold and lack of rain has prevented it from rising. The Index is 18 inches below the seasonal normal.
75 years ago (1939)
Turkey May Have Named Itself by Call Sounds
Perhaps the most widespread error concerning the bird is the vague idea shared by thousands of people that the turkey came originally from Turkey. This is an utterly false notion. Just why the bird should have been called “turkey” in the English language no one seems to know. The realm of His Sultanic Majesty had no more to do with the introduction of the bird to polite society than did Greenland or Kamachatka, asserts a writer in the Rural New-Yorker. The turkey was introduced into Europe by Columbus, taking it to Spain. It is possible that an ill-advised public concluded that, like many other unusual things, it came from Turkey or the Far East. Again, the bird may have named itself, since the call of the hen to her chicks sounds very much like tur-r-r-k, tur-r-r-k, tur-r-r-k. At any rate, there is no actual connection between the bird and the country of the same name.
Another common error is the notion that the tame turkey is the descendent of the wild turkey. It is quite natural to assume that some person or persons in the early days caught some wild turkeys and tamed them and from these our domestic turkeys were derived. Like many other plausible and widespread assumptions, however, this idea is incorrect. Our domestic turkey and our wild turkey, though in the early days the forests were full of wild turkey, though members of the same species, are different and distinct races. Though in the early days the forests were full of wild turkeys, our domestic fowl did not come to us out of our own forests. It came from southern Mexico and it is derived from the southern Mexican wild turkey and not from the North American wild turkey.
Hunters Find Moose Are The Wariest of Animals
The moose is capable of great speed and has remarkable powers of endurance, writes Mortimer Norton in the Montreal Star. It is an awkward, clumsy animal, but never fails to inspire interest and respect when seen in the forests or feeding on lily pads in wilderness river.
In winter moose seek the elevated ridges where hardwood trees abound, and when the snow gets deep they “yard up” in the valleys as do the white-tailed deer. They move about according to the supply of food available - stripping maple, buttonwood, birch and aspen trees of their leaves and small twigs.
A moose will trot, run and jump when occasion demands and can crash through thick underbrush with ease. It is also a good swimmer. When stalking a moose, the hunter must go quietly and proceed against the wind, for these animals have keen sense of hearing and smell. This is why, together with the density of the forest, it is so difficult for the hunter to see or get within firing range of one of these wary creatures.
Indeed, moose will often locate in almost impenetrable swamps, where the only practicable means of bringing them within reach is to use a moose call. Where possible the method of still-hunting is to be recommended, so that he quarry will have a reasonable chance for its life. An experienced moose caller is frequently able to lure a bull moose out of the swamps where the waiting hunter can drop it with a well placed shot. This method entices the game to its death without the slightest warning and under this practice a section of the country can easily be depleted of its necessary breeding stock.
Where the terrain is not so thickly wooded then the sportsman will rely on his initiative to track down the moose and bag it by still-hunting, or, during especially dry weather, by an organized drive.
New World’s Oldest Book Rests in Texas Library
A copy of “Doctrina Breve,” oldest book printed in America, rests in the University of Texas Library.
The volume, which the librarian says is one of three in the United States, is a catechism printed in Mexico in 1543 and 1544 by Bishop Juan de Zumarraga, whose printing press was the first brought to the New World. Zumarraga had printed books in America three years earlier, but none of those are known to exist now.
The Spanish volume, bound in heavy Spanish leather decorated with gold tooling, is in an excellent state of preservation, according to the Latin-American librarian at the university.
“Doctrina Breve” is included in a collection of 160 volumes and 50,000 pages of manuscripts obtained by purchase from heirs of Joaquin Garcia Icazalceta, noted Mexican historian and collector.
Among the manuscripts is a letter from Hernando Cortez to Emperor Charles V of Spain, written October 15, 1545.
Two-Dollar Bills Rated As Unlucky; Not Popular
The two-dollar bill is considered unlucky and for that reason is unpopular. Such bills were first issued as legal tender notes in 1862. Several theories have been advanced to explain the superstition regarding them. It is said that they are often confused with dollar bills. For this reason, relates a writer in the Indianapolis News, many people tear off one corner of all two-dollar bills which come into their possession.
A banker believes the superstition had its origin in the fact that counterfeiters often split the two dollar bills in order to make two twenty-dollar bills out of one twenty and a two. It is also said that two dollars was usually the price formerly paid for a vote by corrupted politicians and that it was paid with a two-dollar bill. The possession of such a bill after election was facetiously said to be prima facie evidence that one had sold his vote. Gamblers especially regard the two-dollar bill as unlucky.
In 1925 the government made an unsuccessful attempt to popularize the two-dollar bill by inserting one of them in each pay envelope given to federal employees. Several newspapers offered to aid in the campaign by giving prizes for two-dollar bills containing certain serial numbers. The post office department, however, pronounced this practice a lottery and therefore a violation of postal laws.
100 years ago (1914)
SNOBS CONTROL AT HARVARD
Unites States Senator Hollis Says Colleges of West Lead Those of the East.
Cambridge, Mass. - United States Senator Henry F. Hollis of New Hampshire, a graduate of Harvard, criticized his alma mater as being “too conservative and hidebound,” and advocated more democracy in college life, in an address to undergraduates.
“There is a firm belief among college men,” he said, “that the president of the United States was forced from the presidency of a leading Eastern college because he tried to stem the tide of snobbery and make that college democratic in a social and not in a political sense.”
No man in college, the senator declared, should be allowed to have an automobile, as college life should be made more simple.
“I believe,” said the senator, “I am the first Harvard man of radical views to occupy a seat in the senate. I do not fairly represent Harvard college in the senate and I am quite sure that Harvard is not representative of the United States or of New England. Harvard lags behind the times. She does not lead; she follows.
“In the West there is greater cooperation between the colleges and the legislatures, but not in the East because in the East they regard college professors as a joke.”
NO HELP TO NATION
Subsides to Coastwise Vessels Would Not be Of Benefit
Argument That They Would Tend to Build Up American Merchant Marine is Not Tenable, as Consideration Will Demonstrate.
The strongest argument in favor of ship subsides is that such subsides will bring into existence ships to be used as auxiliaries to the navy in war times; will bring into existence Atlantic and Pacific liners, ships with greater speed and greater cruising navy, and which, equally valuable as the scout ships, will be maintained at a much less cost than such naval vessels; will bring into existence ocean going passenger ships which can be used as troop ships in time of war, and will bring into existence ocean going freighters to carry military supplies and coal to the battle squadrons and armies operating over sea.
The other argument for shop subsides is that they will build up steamship lines to carry American products direct to foreign ports, and thus help American producers in their competition for the world’s markets.
The Americans public has seen plainly that voting money to the coastwise ship trusts will tend toward either of those results.
Coastwise vessels are not of a character to be used in time of war. They have not the speed nor the bunker capacity nor the seagoing qualities to make them scouts or troop ships, or oven coal purveyors.
Our coastwise ships steal along the coast from port to port, running to shelter from ocean storms and replenishing their coal supply at frequent intervals. The same ships and the same class of ships will extend their voyages through the Panama Canal. If their number is increased it will merely increase the amount of traffic carried from port to port. It will not create one ship capable of independent action on the high seas.
Subsides confined to ships in the coastwise trade, as provided in the existing Panama Canal toil act, cannot stimulate the building of a single ship for foreign trade.
Every alleged reason for ship subsides falls to the ground when applied to coastwise shipping.